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Content piracy: A fight for African culture and heritage

Content piracy: A fight for African culture and heritage

By Roger Gertze
MultiChoice Namibia MD.

When we turn a blind eye to content piracy, we undermine the ability of African storytellers to express themselves. By fighting to protect intellectual property, we keep local products viable, and we ensure our people have a voice.

Bogwagter, Big Brother Africa, Idols, and Shaka iLembe, all of these are expressions of our society, showcased by talented creators and production crews, telling African stories for African audiences. All are threatened by content piracy.

A nation’s creative output is a fundamental part of its identity. One could even argue that art and creative works are what allow a group of people to define themselves as a nation.

In centuries past, those artworks might have included pottery, sculpture, textile, and clothing design, as well as religious and cultural artifacts. Today, these cultural signifiers are still produced, but they exist alongside contemporary art forms that are equally important in defining national culture today.

Those modern art forms include film, television, recorded music, websites, virtual environments, and a host of other digital content.

Digital channels make it easier to distribute this creative cultural content and reach more people. However, the digital economy comes with a significant risk of piracy.

Content piracy is a form of digital theft, which misappropriates creative work without fair compensation for the work’s creators and rights holders.

This is the modern face of art theft, and we have all been exposed to it. Piracy can take the form of broadcast interception, the showing of content that has not been licensed, or the copying, sharing, and sale of online digital content on pirate websites.

Tragically, it is the most exciting, most relevant content that is most likely to be pirated.

Digital content piracy is an insidious crime. It initially appears to be a mild, victimless misdemeanor, but when it becomes rampant, it can destroy entire creative industries.

Content piracy deals a death blow to local creatives when audiences begin to access their work on alternative channels and legitimate platforms are starved of viewers. The legitimate license holders are then unable to build businesses on funding and creating original local content.

This is especially relevant in African

When it is no longer viable to produce local, African content, because it is being pirated, it becomes easier and more financially viable to simply purchase cheap international content for the USA, Europe, and the Global North.

Audiences are then provided with films and shows that reflect the values of the developed world, not Africa. The idea of a nation expressing itself, telling its stories through its cultural output, is then undermined. It becomes a case of rich, industrialised nationals colonising the minds of African audiences with generic, western content.

Content piracy supports cultural imperialism. Where African people no longer see themselves reflected in the art they consume, it distorts how they see themselves. Conversely, when Africa stops exporting content to the world, it distorts the way the world sees Africa.

Films, series, television programming, all of this content is about cultural representation. Were we undermining a country’s creative industries by stealing content, we sabotaging their ability to tell their own stories?

The scale of the content piracy problem is enormous

In the United States, a global leader in content creation, an industry report estimated that digital video piracy was costing the economy between 230,000 and 560,000 jobs every year, and up to US$115.3 billion in reduced gross domestic product. How much larger then, is the impact in Africa, already battling to make its voice heard?

An Irdeto survey has found that piracy is already taking root. It found that users in five major African territories made 17,4 million visits to the top 10 identified piracy sites on the internet in a single three-month period.

African-based organisations like Irdeto, Partners Against Piracy, and the Communications Regulatory Authority of Namibia are doing sterling work to protect intellectual property and ensure that content creators retain the right to earn a living from their work.

However, it is worth remembering that the war against content piracy is not simply a financial one. In many ways, it is a fight for the soul of Africa.

If we allow criminals to steal our creative output, we allow them to silence our voice and destroy an expression of our culture. We must continue that fight, and defend our right to make Africa’s voice heard, across the continent, and the world.

As citizens of Africa, we must safeguard what is intellectually ours. Combat piracy and protect creators by reporting instances of copyright infringement and piracy by sending an e-mail to [email protected].


About The Author

Guest Contributor

A Guest Contributor is any of a number of experts who contribute articles and columns under their own respective names. They are regarded as authorities in their disciplines, and their work is usually published with limited editing only. They may also contribute to other publications. - Ed.