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Zebra Hybridization project gets boost from Nedbank Fund

Zebra Hybridization project gets boost from Nedbank Fund

Government scientists are attempting to obtain crucial answers around the potential crossbreeding and survival of two Zebra species in the Etosha National Park with funding assistance from the Nedbank Go Green Fund.

The study which launched in March last year, will continue until the end of November this year.

Project leader Kenneth /Uiseb, the deputy director for wildlife monitoring and research at the Ministry of Environment and Tourism (MET), explained that the aim of the Etosha Zebra Hybridization Project is to conduct detailed research in whether hybridization is taking place between the two zebra species and what factors drive the phenomenon in the park.

The country is home to two species of zebra, including the Hartmann’s mountain zebra, which is near endemic to Namibia, and the Plain Burchell’s zebra, both of which occur in Etosha National Park, though the Burchell’s zebra is at much greater numbers.

/Uiseb highlighted that Etosha National Park is a protected area, “meant to offer protection to both species, ensure both exist in their natural form and contribute to ecosystem functioning.”

The study will help with this goal, by unearthing what the overall impact of possible hybridization is on the near endemic, and low-density Hartmann’s zebra, among other crucial questions.

He said that it is “imperative for the conservation of both species to understand hybridization, its level and scale between the two species.”

In the Etosha National Park, the Hartmann’s mountain zebra are mainly restricted to the western periphery of the park while the plain zebra are widespread, and an indelible part of most visitors’ experience when they visit.

Yet their ecological ranges overlap, and the study is taking a close look at what happens when two similar species intermingle.

“Hartmann’s mountain zebra and plains zebra are of similar body size, feed on grasses and further have similar digestive systems. They also share common predators,” /Uiseb noted in a project progress report to the Nedbank Go Green Fund.

He further explained that, “it is of great ecological interest” to understand the home range and habitat use of the two species, the type and quality of plants they feed on and whether the “interaction between the two species potentially lead to observable conservation problems such as hybridization.”

While this study is a first of its kind, and no in-depth research has been conducted to confirm potential hybridization, / Uiseb noted that some evidence points to it being likely.

“Hybridization is thought to be more prevalent in western Etosha were the range of the two species overlap,” /Uiseb explained that to date it is “not well understood” how such a close co-existence between similar species has “no observed detrimental effect”, and the study hopes to improve understanding.

Angus Middleton, director of the Namibia Nature Foundation, the Nedbank Go Green Fund’s technical partner, said the reason for the assistance in funding to the zebra project is that it will “help address an important management question for the Ministry of Environment and Tourism in Etosha.”

Moreover, the project outcomes will be applicable all along the escarpment where the two zebra species occur and potentially mix.

Middleton explained that Namibia, which is home to the vast majority of Hartmann’s mountain zebra, “has a global responsibility to ensure that they are well managed and this project helps uphold that responsibility.”

/Uiseb highlighted the importance of independent and local funding, explaining that it can be difficult to access international funding because Namibia is regarded as an upper middle-income country.

“It is important that local companies fill this gap and invest in better conservation of the wildlife, as wildlife is an important economic asset that contributes significantly to our gross domestic product.”

He said the Nedbank Go Green Fund has helped significantly with fieldwork costs associated with the collection of biological samples, and has also assisted with the acquisition of important veterinary equipment.



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Sanlam 2018 Annual Results

7 March 2019


Sanlam’s 2018 annual results provides testimony to its resilience amid challenging operating conditions and negative investment markets

Sanlam today announced its operational results for the 12 months ended 31 December 2018. The Group made significant progress in strategic execution during 2018. This included the acquisition of the remaining 53% stake in SAHAM Finances, the largest transaction concluded in the Group’s 100-year history, and the approval by Sanlam shareholders of a package of Broad-based Black Economic Empowerment (B-BBEE) transactions that will position the Group well for accelerated growth in its South African home market.

Operational results for 2018 included 14% growth in the value of new life insurance business (VNB) on a consistent economic basis and more than R2 billion in positive experience variances, testimony to Sanlam’s resilience in difficult times.

The Group relies on its federal operating model and diversified profile in dealing with the challenging operating environment, negative investment markets and volatile currencies. Management continues to focus on growing existing operations and extracting value from recent corporate transactions to drive enhanced future growth.

The negative investment market returns and higher interest rates in a number of markets where the Group operates had a negative impact on growth in operating earnings and some other key performance indicators. This was aggravated by weak economic growth in South Africa and Namibia and internal currency devaluations in Angola, Nigeria and Zimbabwe.

Substantial growth in Santam’s operating earnings (net result from financial services) and satisfactory growth by Sanlam Emerging Markets (SEM) and Sanlam Corporate offset softer contributions from Sanlam Personal Finance (SPF) and Sanlam Investment Group (SIG).

Key features of the 2018 annual results include:

Net result from financial services increased by 4% compared to the same period in 2017;

Net value of new covered business up 8% to R2 billion (up 14% on a consistent economic basis);

Net fund inflows of R42 billion compared to R37 billion in 2017;

Adjusted Return on Group Equity Value per share of 19.4% exceeded the target of 13.0%; and

Dividend per share of 312 cents, up 8%.

Sanlam Group Chief Executive Officer, Mr Ian Kirk said: “We are satisfied with our performance in a challenging operating environment. We will continue to focus on managing operations prudently and diligently executing on our strategy to deliver sustainable value to all our stakeholders. The integration of SAHAM Finances is progressing well. In addition, Sanlam shareholders approved the package of B-BBEE transactions, including an equity raising, at the extraordinary general meeting held on 12 December 2018. Our plan to implement these transactions this year remains on track.”

Sanlam Personal Finance (SPF) net result from financial services declined by 5%, largely due to the impact of new growth initiatives and dampened market conditions. Excluding the new initiatives, SPF’s contribution was 1% down on 2017 due to the major impact that the weak equity market performance in South Africa had on fund-based fee income.

SPF’s new business sales increased by 4%, an overall satisfactory result under challenging conditions. Sanlam Sky’s new business increased by an exceptional 71%. Strong growth of 13% in the traditional individual life channel was augmented by the Capitec Bank credit life new business recognised in the first half of 2018, and strong demand for the new Capitec Bank funeral product. The Recurring premium and Strategic Business Development business units also achieved strong growth of 20%, supported by the acquisition of BrightRock in 2017. Glacier new business grew marginally by 1%. Primary sales onto the Linked Investment Service Provider (LISP) platform improved by 5%, an acceptable result given the pressure on investor confidence in the mass affluent market. This was however, offset by lower sales of wrap funds and traditional life products.

The strong growth in new business volumes at Sanlam Sky had a major positive effect on SPF’s VNB growth, which increased by 7% (14% on a comparable basis).

Sanlam Emerging Markets (SEM) grew its net result from financial services by 14%. Excluding the impact of corporate activity, earnings were marginally up on 2017 (up 8% excluding the increased new business strain).

New business volumes at SEM increased by 20%. Namibia performed well, increasing new business volumes by 22% despite weak economic conditions. Both life and investment new business grew strongly. Botswana underperformed with the main detractor from new business growth being the investment line of business, which declined by 24%. This line of business is historically more volatile in nature.

The new business growth in the Rest of Africa portfolio was 68% largely due to corporate activity relating to SAHAM Finances, with the East Africa portfolio underperforming.

The Indian insurance businesses continued to perform well, achieving double-digit growth in both life and general insurance in local currency. The Malaysian businesses are finding some traction after a period of underperformance, increasing their overall new business contribution by 3%. New business production is not yet meeting expectations, but the mix of business improved at both businesses.

SEM’s VNB declined by 3% (up 6% on a consistent economic basis and excluding corporate activity). The relatively low growth on a comparable basis is largely attributable to the new business underperformance in East Africa.

Sanlam Investment Group’s (SIG) overall net result from financial services declined by 6%, attributable to lower performance fees at the third party asset manager in South Africa, administration costs incurred for system upgrades in the wealth management business and lower earnings from equity-backed financing transactions at Sanlam Specialised Finance. The other businesses did well to grow earnings, despite the pressure on funds under management due to lower investment markets.

New business volumes declined by 13% mainly due to market volatility and low investor confidence in South Africa. Institutional new inflows remained weak for the full year, while retail inflows also slowed down significantly after a more positive start to the year. The international businesses, UK, attracted strong new inflows (up 57%).

Sanlam Corporate’s net result from financial services increased by 4%, with the muted growth caused by a continuation of high group risk claims experience. Mortality and disability claims experience weakened further in the second half of the year, which is likely to require more rerating of premiums in 2019. The administration units turned profitable in 2018, a major achievement. The healthcare businesses reported satisfactory double-digit growth in earnings, while the Absa Consultants and Actuaries business made a pleasing contribution of R39 million.

New business volumes in life insurance more than doubled, reflecting an exceptional performance. Single premiums grew by 109%, while recurring premiums increased by a particularly satisfactory 56%.

The good growth in recurring and single premium business, combined with modelling improvements, supported a 64% (71% on a comparable economic basis) increase in the cluster’s VNB contribution.

Following a year of major catastrophe events in 2017, Santam experienced a relatively benign claims environment in 2018. Combined with acceptable growth in net earned premiums, it contributed to a 37% increase in gross result from financial services (41% after tax and non-controlling interest). The conventional insurance book achieved an underwriting margin of 9% in 2018 (6% in 2017).

As at 31 December 2018, discretionary capital amounted to a negative R3.7 billion before allowance for the planned B-BBEE share issuance. A number of capital management actions during 2018 affected the balance of available discretionary capital, including the US$1 billion (R13 billion) SAHAM Finances transaction. Cash proceeds from the B-BBEE share issuance will restore the discretionary capital portfolio to between R1 billion and R1.5 billion depending on the final issue price within the R74 to R86 price range approved by shareholders.

Looking forward, the Group said economic growth in South Africa would likely remain weak in the short to medium term future, and would continue to impact efforts to accelerate organic growth. The outlook for economic growth in other regions where the Group operates is more promising. Recent acquisitions such as the SAHAM transaction should also support operational performance going forward.

“We remain focused on executing our strategy. We are confident that we have the calibre of management and staff to prudently navigate the anticipated challenges going forward,” Mr Kirk concluded.

Details of the results for the 12 months ended 31 December 2018 are available at