Inflation slows in August
Annual inflation for August declined by 0.2 percentage points, to 5.4% as compared to 5.6% recorded a month earlier. On a monthly basis, the inflation rate increased to 0.3% from 0.2%.
The annual decline in inflation was primarily on account of base effects, as well as price declines in a number of food category sub-items, and a decline in the cost of operation of personal transport equipment following fuel price decreases. On a monthly basis, the increase resulted from higher recorded prices in most groups comprising Namibia Consumer Price Index IJG said upon releasing their inflation report.
Said IJG, “Over the past year the main drivers of inflation in Namibia were food and non-alcoholic beverage prices up 8.6%, as well as the price of transport up 7.1% and education up 8.1%. Only one Namibia Consumer Price Index basket category saw prices decrease over the year, namely communications down 0.5%.”
During August, however, annual food inflation saw a marginal decline of 0.4% points, from 9% to 8.6%. This decline was largely driven by a month on month price decline in the sub-categories of oils and fats and vegetables.
Transport inflation declined from 8.5% to 7.1% between July and August, due to a decline in the fuel pump price during the month. Thus, the sub-component of operation of personal transport equipment, which contains fuel costs, declined 2.2 percentage points, to 5.6% inflation year on year IJG said.
Following inflation increases from November 2013 to June 2014 on account of a currency-depreciation pass-through to prices, lagged first round effects of this currency weakness appear to be abating, and the stronger currency from January to August 2014 appear to be causing prices to stabilise, albeit marginally.
“Going forward, we continue to forecast average inflation of 5.7% in 2014, picking up to 6.3% in 2015. Additionally, as a result of strong growth in the Namibian economy over recent years, we are starting to witness demand driven increases in a number of administered and services prices, such as administered transport prices [taxi fares], education prices, property and rent prices, and utility prices. Additionally, pervasive Rand and thus Namibia Dollar weakness continues to drive increases in the Namibia Dollar price of commodities relative to US dollar prices,” said IJG.