The Kalahari Basin – Southern Africa’s new exploration frontier
Cape Town- The opening day of African Energy Week 2021 featured a panel discussion focused on the legal and technical aspects of oil and gas exploration during a Country Spotlight on Namibia.
Moderated by Jo Kromber, the Foreign News Editor for Xinhua News Agency, the discussion featured a panel including Namibia’s Minister of Mines and Energy, Hon. Tom Alweendo; the Chief Executive for Canadian oil and gas company, Reconnaissance Africa (ReconAfrica), Scott Evans, and the Managing Director for The National Petroleum Corporation of Namibia (Namcor); Immanuel Mulunga.
The Namibian Ministry of Mines & Energy has noted the promotion of investment and growth, and energy supply security as primary goals in creating a policy and legal framework to attract investment into the sector, a key focus for maintaining cooperation and competition in the fair distribution of upstream sector activities.
The Namibian Government formally invited international and regional oil and gas companies to submit applications for licenses for petroleum exploration in the southern-African country. Legislative frameworks and policies that govern the Namibian upstream oil and gas sectors are well-developed and designed specifically for implementation for the international oil industry. Standard international practices, license application fees, annual license area rental charges, as well as annual training fees, are the main elements set out in the fiscal framework legislation for investment in the country’s oil and gas sector.
Namcor, which is responsible for assisting the Ministry with petroleum exploration and production policy administration, is tasked with the acquisition of data, the promotion of Namibia’s petroleum potential, and creating value for all stakeholders.
“Africa is easily the most underexplored continent in the world,” ReconAfrica CEO, Scott Evans, who added, “I think there are a lot of opportunities that haven’t had significant attention.”
With regards to how Namibia’s fiscal deficit and public debt levels will improve with the abundance of oil and gas resources, Alweendo stated “We are on the cusp of transformative activities that can transform the country,” adding that the country has several promising oil and gas prospects with the potential to turn into productive sites. During the panel discussion, he noted that the current economic projections do not take into account future discoveries made by ReconAfrica.
Taking place on 9 November, the country spotlight showed that Namibia has positioned itself in the competitive petroleum exploration scene and drawn interest from oil majors including Tullow, TotalEnergies, GALP, Shell, ONGC, and ExxonMobil. Namcor has taken a central position in shaping the country’s prospects, requiring a 10% equity interest in companies operating in this space.
Speaking on opportunities in the country, Shakwa Nyambe, Director for the Association of International Petroleum Negotiators indicated the necessity to develop policies that create an enabling environment to attract investors. “Namibia’s energy approach, which is that of an energy mix, promotes all forms of energy. The same national policy promotes the exploration of oil and gas and also promotes the traction of investors,” he stated when questioned on the exploration opportunities that exist for Namibia’s natural resources.
On the measures and adjustments for rent, royalties, and taxes for exploration companies, Mulunga, said, “The fiscal regime in Namibia is quite simple. The government will want to increase taxes in a progressive, competitive, and transparent manner.”
ReconAfrica and its joint venture partner, Namcor, recently completed drilling operations on the 6-1 well in the Kavango Basin, its second stratigraphic test well in the country. ReconAfrica currently holds petroleum licenses comprising approximately 8.5 million contiguous acres in the deep Kavango Sedimentary Basin.
“What’s really changed over the past few years is the energy transition.” Concluded Paul Eardley, Head of Oil & Gas for Standard Bank, “There are a couple of unique aspects around the African development story. We continue to support and encourage the development policies that take climate into consideration. It is clear that development returns [in Namibia] are unmatched anywhere else in the world.”