Namibia retains status as a Tier 1 country in the 2021 Trafficking in Persons report
Namibia retained its status as a Tier 1 country in the 2021 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) report for the second year in a row for prohibiting severe forms of trafficking in persons and punishing acts of trafficking.
Namibia is again the only country in Africa to achieve a Tier 1 ranking, joining 28 countries globally. The TIP report, compiled by the U.S. Department of State, is the world’s most comprehensive resource on governmental anti-trafficking efforts.
“Namibia has made an impressive commitment to fighting the terrible crime of human trafficking. The Namibian government continued to demonstrate serious and sustained efforts during the reporting period, despite the COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on its anti-trafficking capacity,” said the U.S. Embassy’s Chargé d’Affaires Jessica Long.
While Tier 1 is the highest-ranking, it does not mean that a country has no human trafficking problem or that it is doing enough to address the problem.
“Tier 1 countries, including the United States, still have much room for improvement. All governments should strive to continually improve their efforts to fight this heinous crime and fully protect the victims,” Long added.
The report noted that human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Namibia, and traffickers exploit victims from Namibia abroad.
The 2021 report noted that the Namibian government identified fewer victims and did not initiate any new prosecutions of alleged traffickers. The government identified 19 trafficking victims, compared with 30 victims in the prior year’s report.
The TIP report identified key efforts made by the Namibian government that led to the Tier 1 ranking for the 2021 report, including the training of 30 social workers from all 14 regions on the National Referral Mechanism (NRM) and Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) on victim identification and providing assistance to and referring 16 victims to NGO shelters.
The report also found that the government allocated more funding (N$6 million) to NGOs and shelters supporting trafficking victims and initiating 10 case investigations and continuing 16 case investigations, compared with nine case investigations initiated and 29 case investigations continued during the previous year.
Namibia also maintained anti-trafficking law enforcement efforts. The Combating of Trafficking in Persons Act of 2018, which came into effect in November 2019, criminalized sex trafficking and labour trafficking and prescribed penalties of up to 30 years’ imprisonment, a fine not exceeding N$1 million, or both.
Further, during the reporting period, traffickers exploited individuals from Angola, Kenya, Zambia, and Zimbabwe in sex trafficking and forced labour. Some victims are initially offered legitimate work for adequate wages, but then traffickers subject them to forced labour in urban centres and on commercial farms.
A country’s tier ranking reflects the U.S Department of State’s assessment of that government’s efforts during the reporting period to meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking in persons established under the U.S Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000.